U. Khurelsukh: Mongolia will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 22.7 percent by 2030One Billion Trees
Ulaanbaatar/MONTSAME/. Ahead of the Mongolia Economic Forum
2022, discussions are taking place on six main topics for the ‘New Revival
Policy’ being implemented by the Government of Mongolia.
Today, March 29, a two-day forum ‘Green Finance Regional Forum’ has started at State House.
President U. Khurelsukh delivered opening remarks. In his remarks, the President stressed, “Over the past 170 years, global surface temperatures have risen by 1.09 percent, and many biological species are becoming extinct. Despite emitting 0.1 percent of the world's greenhouse gas emissions, Mongolia is one of the countries that are the most affected by climate change.
Specifically, climate change has intensified over the past 80 years in Mongolia, with the average air temperature increasing by 2.25 degrees, which is twice the global average. In Mongolia, 76.9 percent or 120 million hectares of the total territory is affected by desertification, and half of the total area is classified as severely desertified.
Compared to 1990,
the number of climate change-related natural disasters has tripled in Mongolia in
the last decade.”
In addition, the President said, “66 countries in the world
have pledged to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050. In the
document dated 2016, Mongolia set a goal to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions
by 22.7 percent by 2030. During the UN Climate Change Conference 2021 held in
Glasgow, UK, Mongolia announced that it is possible to increase the target
level to 27.2 percent by introducing advanced technology and innovation
and increasing green financing.”
“With aims to increase renewable energy and further improve the energy supply in Northeast Asia, Mongolia supports the Asia Super Grid Initiative and is cooperating with countries in the region using abundant solar and wind resources.”
He also emphasized that a national movement is underway to plant and grow a billion trees by 2030 with the purpose of increasing greenhouse gas absorption, reducing soil degradation and preventing water scarcity.
“Experts consider that the One Billion Trees movement will have a significant impact on reducing dust storms that are causing ecological and health threats not only in Asia but also in the Americas.
The movement will have multiple socio-economic benefits such
as creation of jobs, reduction of poverty, improvement of food supply,
increased production of seedling, fertilizers and pesticides as well as others.
Mongolia made a decision to allocate at least one percent of its GDP each year for
At the end of his speech, the President noted, “The main goal of today’s forum is to strengthen the regional cooperation and interaction, and increase green financing,” stressing the great importance of the leadership of international investors and domestic financial sector to finance the green development.
The suggestions and recommendations put forth during the forum are to be presented during the plenary session of the Mongolian Economic Forum to be held on April 7-8.
The Office of the President of Mongolia, Ministry of Environment and Tourism, and the Mongolian Sustainable Finance Association are organizing the forum, with support from the Ministry of Finance, Bank of Mongolia, Financial Regulatory Commission, Mongolian Bankers Association, International Finance Corporation, United Nations Development Programme, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and MONTSAME Agency.