Five general development plans implemented throughout the history of Ulaanbaatar

2019-10-29 17:18:12

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/. Today marks the 380th anniversary of the establishment of the capital city Ulaanbaatar. On the occasion of the event, a scientific conference took place under the theme ‘Historic Timeline of the Establishment of the City: the Past, the Present, and the Future’ yesterday on October 28.


The establishment of the ‘Urguu’ yurt monastery and the state ceremony organized for the first Bogd Gegeen enthronement of the Undur Gegeen Zanabazar in the current Bureg soum of Uvurkhangai aimag in 1639 is considered as the establishment of Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. Due to various socio-political and weather conditions, the Undur Gegeen’s palace yurt was moved in 1778, finding its current settlement. During this time, the capital city had various names, such as Urguu, Ikh Khuree, and Niislel Khuree, being the center for governance, socio-economics, culture, and religion. It was with the adoption of the first Constitution of Mongolia in 1924 that the capital city began to be named Ulaanbaatar.


The general development plan for Ulaanbaatar was developed in 1954, 1961, 1975, 1986, and 2002, and implemented a total of five times. Currently, the general development plan for the city until 2040, and the city’s prospective goals for 2030 is being developed.

Governor of the Capital City and Mayor of Ulaanbaatar S.Amarsaikhan said, “It is important to restore the historical attractions of our city and promote it to children and youth. As history is the sole pillar for the values of the city, we must discuss how the capital city has developed, and what we should aim for in the future with scholars and professional organizations. We must bring citizen development, city planning and policy to the level it competes not only in the region but on the global level. In its framework, the general development plan for 2040 and the prospective goals for 2030 are currently being developed.”

Advisor architect of Mongolia, scholar D.Khaisambuu said, “The results of the five general development plans have been unsatisfactory. In the 21st century, we must create the material base for the fourth industrial revolution, A.I., and advanced technology, and prepare specialists in the field of city planning. Compared to the 1950s, the city of Ulaanbaatar has greatly changed. However, building many tall buildings should not be the main focus. The issue of space between each building has now become a problem, especially in apartment complexes. In the 1950s, Ulaanbaatar was originally planned to have 600 thousand residents. The population then grew by 130 thousand in 1970. The issue we currently face was simply a mistake by the Government in the 1960s, making the decision to establish all types of institutions, from ministries to prisons in the capital city.”

Currently, 1.46 million people are living in Ulaanbaatar, which is 46 percent of the total population. Furthermore, 95 percent of universities and colleges, 31 percent of schools, 46 percent of kindergartens, and 67 percent of total entities are registered in Ulaanbaatar. The city also makes 64 percent of the GDP and is accountable for 77 percent of loans.