Comprehensive Edition of “Secret History of the Mongols” Handed Over to Libraries

2024-05-07 17:08:39

Ulaanbaatar, May 7, 2024 /MONTSAME/. The Office of the President of Mongolia handed over the Comprehensive Edition of “Secret History of the Mongols” to the libraries of Ulaanbaatar city, 21 aimags, and major universities on May 6, 2024.

The Comprehensive Edition of “Secret History of the Mongols” includes historical words and phrases, over 400 historical figures, countries, clans, ranks, events, customs, rituals, weapons and armors, places names, and over 4,300 explanations related to linguistics, literature, history, ethnology, cultural studies, geography, and onomastics. It is the most comprehensive and detailed work.

The introduction of the book provides general knowledge and information, while the main part translates the original text in both traditional Mongolian script and Cyrillic, explaining the meaning and content in an understandable way.

The book was created by 25 scholars from various fields such as history, language, culture, literature, geography, and onomastics in 2022-2023, over one year. The historical research team was led by Ts. Tserendorj, and the linguistic research team was led by Sh. Choimaa.

“The Secret History of the Mongols” depicts the life and deeds of Great Chinggis Khaan and his successors, the rise of the Great Mongol Empire, foreign relations, nomadic lifestyle, folk language, poetry, customs, and other aspects of Mongolian and wider Eurasian history in a detailed and vivid manner. It is an invaluable source of the history, language, and culture of the Mongols and a leading and unique work of literature.

Therefore, the 750th anniversary of the writing of "The Secret History of the Mongols" was proposed to be celebrated internationally in 1989 by the UNESCO Executive Board.

“The Secret History of the Mongols” has been translated into 30 languages in over 30 countries around the world, including English, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, German, Spanish, Italian, Kazakh, Hungarian, Marathi, Russian, Persian, Polish, Korean, Turkish, French, Chinese, Czech, Esperanto, Japanese, and has been published over 150 times (double counting). 

Research related to the Great Mongol Empire and the era of the Great Khans is inseparable from “The Secret History of the Mongols”, hence it has been studied and interpreted from various perspectives such as language, history, culture, literature, and oral literature.

Under the initiative of President of Mongolia, Khurelsukh Ukhnaa, the Comprehensive Edition of “Secret History of the Mongols” was released on National Pride Day, which celebrated the 861st Anniversary of the birth of the Great Chinggis Khaan.

In addition, the libraries have received Ethnologist B. Otgonbaatar’s “Mongolian Ethnological Research I, II” Volumes.

The first volume contains works, research, articles, memories, and one topic about the Mongolian people’s resettlement (20th century), and migration tradition (from the end of the 20th century to the beginning of the 21st century), and the second volume includes field analysis, source materials, and memorial photos.