Xianbei remains, discovered for the first time on display

2018-10-25 13:56:56

A research team of the National Museum of Mongolia conducted excavations at the site of Airagiin Gozgor in Jargalant soum of Orkhon aimag. As a result of the research, tombs that display evidence of unique burial ritual that have never been found before were discovered and documented. An exhibition themed ‘Archaeological sites of Airagiin Gozgor’ opened on october 24 at the National Museum of Mongolia to promote scientific significance of the discovery.

In 2014 to 2018, the research team documented over 100 tombs at the site and explored 16 of them. The findings were added to the treasuries of the National Museum and the museum of Orkhon aimag.

Director of Arts and Culture Policy Department at the Ministry of Education, Culture, Science and Sports B.Sergelen

The main achievement of the research is that the findings are giving possibility to rediscover the ancient history of Mongolia, enriching it with new information and knowledge. The ‘Archaeological sites of Airagiin Gozgor’ is the key to discover the history and culture of Xiongu and Xiangbei.

Preliminary results suggest that the tombs date back to Xiongnu and Xianbei eras. According to the Carbon-14 dating they belong to the later Xiongu era (1st to 3rd century AD).

Moreover, five sites related to the Xiongu era have been found subsequent to a comprehensive excavation around the Airagiin Gozgor. The artifacts found from the tombs are invaluable to determine culture and mentality of the people of the era, highlighted the researchers.

Ts.Odbaatar, Head of the Archeology and Anthropology Section at the National Museum of Mongolia

We consider the burials belong to Xiongu and Xianbei eras based on the research results. It can be said that these are the first Xianbei remains found in the territory of Mongolia. Unique findings include these ox-cart and horse figures. These figures were made with a very interesting method. For example, many pieces of wooden parts of a horse were engraved and then assembled. The ox-cart with Mongolian design is preserved very well. Duplicate of the findings were made in their actual form by a conservator of the National Center of Cultural Heritage, Davaadari.

The National Center of Cultural Heritage and Japanese professionals collaborated in the restoration of some of the findings and making duplicates. American anthropologist and Chinese scholars also participated in the research. The exhibition will run from October 24 to November 3.

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